Skin Dictionary

With more advanced skin products on the market than ever before, finding the best treatment and products for you skin can feel like a minefield! With this mind, we’ve decided to create a little jargon buster to help you feel more informed next time you are choosing what’s best for you.

You can book in for a free consultation to discuss any of the issues, treatments and terms featured here. We offer a wide range of non-surgical facial and body treatments to help improve many of the problems listed.


Plumps the skin and along with elastin, helps keep it supple. As we grow older, the collagen and elastin in tissues become slightly more disconnected causing sagging and wrinkles as well as dry and thinning skin. The good news is that collagen can be isolated and is commonly used in rejuvenation skin treatments such as laser resurfacing and some dermal filler.


The most well known name for dermis is the 'true skin'. dermis is the layer of skin beneath the Epidermis that contains strong connective tissues, your sweat glands and hair follicles.

Dermal fillers

Dermal fillers are a facial filler that are used to plump skin, smooth wrinkles and fill out deep lines. These are administered in injection form.

Dysport and wrinkle reduction

Dysport is a Botulinum toxin type A that is given by gentle injection to block nerve activity in the muscles. It is used to reduce wrinkles and lines in the face. The difference between wrinkle reduction treatments and fillers is that WR is used for the upper part of the face and fillers for the area below the nose.


Epidermis literally means the outer layer of cells, which cover a living thing. It is formed of 5 layers. It is the outermost layers of skin, which is both our waterproof barrier to the elements, and the layer that creates our skin tone.

Free radical damage

Free radical damage is part of the free radical theory of ageing which is one of three theories on how living things age. It states that as we age, cells change and the body is exposed to natural and synthetic environmental toxins, cells accumulate ‘ free radical damage’ causing small errors in how they form.

Hyper pigmentation

Hyper pigmentation is a common condition where areas of skin become darker in colour than the usual tone. The colour transition usually occurs when there is a build up of melanin, which is the brown pigment that usually produces skin colour.

Hypo Pigmentation

This is the opposite of hyper pigmentation. It is a condition where the pigment is lost and skin becomes discoloured or lighter.


The Hypodermis is the deepest layer of skin and is made up of connective tissue and fat.


Injectables are a non-surgical form of cosmetic treatment that is provided via injection. They are commonly used to add volume, smooth wrinkles and fill ageing lines on the face. See wrinkle reduction and dermal fillers.


Pigmentation literally means colouring. Skin pigmentation disorder occurs when the cells in the skin that make melanin become damaged or unhealthy.


Retinol is a pure form of Vitamin A that is sourced from animals. It is one of the ingredients that dermatologists and skin experts recommend when searching for cosmetic anti-ageing products. Vitamin A has remarkable effects on the skins surface including a more youthful look and feel.


Rosacea is a skin condition that remains fairly mis-understood. Its symptoms include redness, raised bumps, dilated blood vessels and swelling. Rosacea is three times more common in women. Some causes include extreme heat or cold, stress, a reaction to some food and drinks, particularly alcohol and some medications.


Sun Protection Factor ( SPF) is a measure of how long a sunscreen will protect you from Ultra violet (UV) light. Our skin expert Ramona recommends that you choose a moisturiser with at least 30 SPF and wear it everyday under your makeup. In the summer or on sunnier days, a more regular application may be required.

UV light

Ultra violet light are rays of light emitted by the sun and are responsible for the change in skin colour or 'tanning' process. UV rays are also one of the major factors of skin damage. Excess exposure to the sun accelerates the ageing process and plays a major role in most types of ski cancer.

© 2017 Pembroke Dental – Rejuve @Granby
All Rights Reserved

Rejuve Skin Clinic

Upstairs at Pembroke Dental
Pembroke Dental

Opening hours:

  • Monday 9.30 – 6pm
  • Tuesday 9.30 – 6pm
  • Wednesday 10.30 – 7pm
  • Thursday 9.30 – 6pm
  • Friday 9.30 – 6pm
  • Saturday 9.30 – 5pm
  • Sunday Closed
© 2017 Pembroke Dental – Rejuve @Granby | All Rights Reserved
Pembroke Dental